Causal Factors of Product Liability Cases

There is a legal concept called product liability, wherein designers, manufacturers, and everybody else involved in trade are legally obligated to make sure that the products they make available to the public are safe, because they can be held accountable for accidents, injuries, and deaths.
According to the website of Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, LLC, all those who have been hurt because of dangerous products may pursue legal action against the responsible parties. But how can consumers get hurt by products anyway? There are three main factors that may trigger a product accident.

Design Defects

A design defect occurs when a product has an inherently dangerous design. It is one of the most common triggers of product accidents and injuries. Designers should first study their proposed designs, determine the possible risks, and come up with a way to avoid these risks by improving the design. Failing to make a competent and thorough study may result into a design defect that may put an unsuspecting consumer in danger. An example of this is how certain vehicle airbags deploy in a way that causes more harm than good.

Manufacturing Defects

A product has a manufacturing defect if it has flaws that have risen because of manufacturing error or negligence. The two most common manufacturing defects include the use of poor materials and the practice of poor manufacturing techniques. Both can make the product suffer from poor quality, and it may even easily break and cause an accident. For example, a bicycle for children may have a crack in the body, making it vulnerable to breaking and making the child at risk of crashing and injuring himself.

Inherently Dangerous Products

The whole product itself may be dangerous. Maybe the product has not been studied well and yet the company that owns it puts it out in the market, such as those surgical implants that turn out to have negative medical implications. Maybe the product has hazardous substances, like arsenic, mercury, and lead, such as those toys that can cause lead-poisoning. Maybe the product has no labels that may inform consumers of the product’s safety and hazardousness, such as those construction equipment that do not come with safety instructions and warning signs.

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